The Many Roles & Ministries of the Holy Spirit

Posted By Thomas Perez. June 9, 2011 at 5:57pm. Copyright 2011.

What is the Ministry of the Holy Spirit?

Answer: To convict of sin, righteousness, & judgment – John 16:8-11. Some may say, “You see, it says in verse 11,” “of judgment because the prince of this worldis judged” so it must have been written only for pre 70AD folks.” But if that presupposition is accurate, then what are we to make of the Holy Spirit? Is He with us today or not? If you say “yes”, “He is with us”, then He must function in the various roles He hast taken up Himself to perform – the conviction of sin, righteousness, and judgment. If you say “no”, then it defeats the whole purpose of your salvation because nobody can call Jesus Lord, except one whois born of the Spirit (I Co 12:3). Moreover, you make the job of the Comforter nullified, thus running contrary to I John 2:1-2 & Titus 3:5, you defeat His purpose. In I John 2:1-2, the Holy Spirit is called the Advocate. Ahhhh, but someone might say “No He’s not, its talking about Jesus”. Really?? Well, lets see. In John 14:18, it indicates that Jesus will not leave us comfortless. Yet, it also says, “I (Jesus) will come to us” in the very same passage of Scripture – cross ref – Matt 28:20,18:20, Rom 8:9. Moreover, the Greek word for the ‘Comforter’ is “Advocate”. Here are some Greek words pertaining the the word ‘Comforter’….

1 Noun, paraklesis

means “a calling to one’s side” (para, “beside,” kaleo, “to call”); hence, either “an exhortation, or consolation, comfort,” e.g., Luke 2:25 (here “looking for the consolation of Israel” is equivalent to waiting for the coming of the Messiah); Luke 6:24; Acts 9:31; Rom. 15:4,5; 1 Cor. 14:3, “exhortation;” 2 Cor. 1:3-7; 7:4,7,13; 2 Thess. 2:16; Philem. 1:7. In 2 Thess. 2:16 it combines encouragement with alleviation of grief. The RV changes “consolation” into “comfort,” except in Luke 2:25; 6:24; Acts 15:31; in Heb. 6:18, “encouragement;” in Acts 4:36, “exhortation.”

2 Noun, paramuthia

primarily “a speaking closely to anyone” (para, “near,” muthos, “speech”), hence denotes “consolation, comfort,” with a greater degree of tenderness than No. 1, 1 Cor. 14:3.

3 Noun,

has the same meaning as No. 2, the difference being that paramuthia stresses the process or progress of the act, paramuthion the instrument as used by the agent, Phil. 2:1.

4 Noun, paregoria

primarily “an addressing, address,” hence denotes “a soothing, solace,” Col. 4:11. A verbal form of the word signifies medicines which allay irritation (Eng., “paregoric”).

5 Noun, parakletos

lit., called to one’s side,” i.e., to one’s aid is primarily a verbal adjective, and suggests the capability or adaptability for giving aid. It was used in a court of justice to denote a legal assistant, counsel for the defense, an advocate; then, generally, one who pleads another’s cause, an intercessor, advocate, as in 1 John 2:1, of the Lord Jesus. In the widest sense, it signifies a “succorer, comforter.” Christ was this to His disciples, by the implication of His word “another (allos, “another of the same sort,” not heteros, “different”) Comforter,” when speaking of the Holy Spirit, John 14:16. In John 14:26; 15:26; 16:7 He calls Him “the Comforter.” “Comforter” or “Consoler” corresponds to the name “Menahem,” given by the Hebrews to the Messiah.

6 Verb parakaleo

has the same variety of meanings as Noun, No. 1, above, e.g., Matt. 2:18; 1 Thess. 3:2,7; 4:18. In 2 Cor. 13:11, it signifies to be comforted

But why do we need a Comforter/Advocate? Answer: My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world – are we not the world today? His ministry is the same, for He is the same yesterday, today, & forever (Heb 13:8).

Also see Rom 8:25-28…

25But if we hope for that we see not, (remember the word dimly, as quoted in I Cor 13? Same thing here) then do we with patience wait for it.

26Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.

27And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

28And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

Here, we learn of the word Intercession – The Scriptures reveal Christ as the Intercessor as well as the Spirit. In ref to Christ’s sacrificial offering, it is once but His role as Melchizedek is forever (Heb 7:17, Rom 8:26-27) spoken like a true ‘Ultimate Reconciliationist.’

Here Are Some Additional Holy Spirit Roles/Ministries

Acts 16: 6-7 He does not permit some things

Gen 6:3 He strives with sinners

John 14:26, I Cor 12:13 He teaches

John 14:17 He dwells in saints, just as well as Jesus and the Father does

John 15:26 Testifies of Christ

John 16:8-11 He reproves

John 16:13 He guides

John 16:14 He glorifies Christ

Acts 9:21 He confronts

Rom 11:33-34, I Cor 2:10 He searches all things

I Cor 6:11 He sanctifies

I Cor 12:10-11 He has a will (though this is not a role/ministry; I just wanted to put it in. It is really an attribute)

Acts 9:31 He edifies the Church

Rom 5:3-5 He imparts the love of God

Rom 4:1, Gal 5:22, I Thess 1:6 He gives joy to the saints

Rom 15:13, Gal 5:5 He imparts hope

John 14:16 He abides with the saints

Isa 61:1, Luke 3:16 He is given by Christ

Ezek 36:27 He imparts godliness

Mark 13:11, Luke 12: 12 He teaches saints to answer persecutors

Luke 2:26, Acts 21:11 He reveals the future

John 14:26 He helps us remember

John 14:26, 16:13 He guides us into all Truth

Some may quote Hebrews 9:15, to justify their belief that sin is not relevant for today, because it doesn’t exist. Here is the quote; “For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant“. Before that is addressed, let us consider the book of Hebrews. The book of Hebrews is addressed to the Jewish authorities of the day, Jewish believers of the counsel, & laymen (Jews), of course not in ref to the scattered tribes – since they had not the law per -Se, only to those who converted from the old covenant. But what of the rest of us? Answer: We were/are grafted in, as the scattered tribes were/are. Since we were grafted in, must we give an account of our lives? – You bet – we all must give an account for the deeds done in the body, whether it be good or bad. But as the Scriptures saith, Jesus is with us forever more – therefore, if Jesus is with us forever more, then the Comforter is with us forever more to. Even a Preterist (Full or Partial) can agree with this. Moreover, He helps us with our infirmities. Yes under the first covenant, the Jews were held captive by the curse of the law. But now they are set free. They now must show fruit worthy of that call.

Yes, the reality of sin exists today. The reality of wrong exists today. The reality of evil; exists today. Those that say “they don’t sin” are in error because they run the risk of not believing the ministry of the Spirit today, as cited above. A doctrine should never supersede another doctrine – that’s how error thrives. Those that say they “don’t sin, but speaketh as one that can commit sin, is speaking truth because they acknowledge I John 2:1-2, 3:9, and 3:18-24 – which basically wraps up this seemingly contradiction.

Question: If a mother or father kills their toddler on purpose, would people call that wrong, evil, sickness of the mind, or sin? I believe it is all of the above; especially on sin because the laws of God are established in Christ, who is the New Covenant. For He came not to destroy the law but to fulfill. He added Himself onto the law, moreover, He got into the heart of our flesh – “I say, do not even lust after her”, etc (Matt 5:16, 28, Heb 10:1-39 – the whole chapter of Hebrews 10 speaks of this. Read it carefully. While the law under the Old Covenant did reveal the sin as St. Paul indicated in Rom 7, it also indicates many positives. Paul, as well as David, also said this concerning the law….(The following is taken from another study conducted by myself)…

1. Is the Law holy? Yes – Rom 7:12

2. Is the Law spiritual? Yes – Rom 7:14

3. Is the Law good? Yes – Rom 7:16

4. Is the Law right? Yes – Rom 7:12

5. Is the Law just? Yes – Psalms 19

Christ Jesus

A. He was made under the Law (Gal 4:4, Heb 2:14).

B. Became the curse on our behalf, for both Jew and Gentile (Gal 3:13).

C. Upon doing so, He nailed the curse of the Law to the cross.

D. Thus redeeming all of us, both Jew and Gentile from the curse of the Law.

This Resulted In

1. Freedom – Rom 7:3

2. Being married to another Husband – Rom 7:4

3. Thus, becoming one in the Body of Christ – Rom 7:4

Therefore, is the Law evil and of sin, as asked earlier above? The answer to that is “no”. We must realize that the Law has a positive aspect to its ministry, it shows…

1. The knowledge of sin (Rom 3:20)

2. Written that we may be found guilty (Rom 3:19)

3. It demonstrates the need of a Saviour

4. And this need is further enhanced by the convictions of the Holy Spirit, in which He convicts one to the saving knowledge of Christ in this age (aion).

Therefore, the Law is not to be condemned but the sin that is found through the Law, because it is written that the Law is spiritual (I Tim 1:8, Rom 7:16) – howbeit, yet written on stone tablets. It is a schoolmaster to bring us to Christ (Gal 3:24). It was the sin of Adam which resulted in death, not the Law per Se – since the Scriptures reveal the workings of sin and iniquity as the culprit (Rom 5:12) For the Law was written for sinners (I Tim 1:9). Did not David say he was conceived in sin and iniquity even before he had a chance to keep the Law? (Psalms 51:5). It was a done deal through the negative result of the first Adam.

However, we are now put under a New Covenant in Christ Jesus; therefore we have no condemnation (Rom 8:1). We now have free grace in Christ (Eph 2:8-9), without the keeping of the ceremonial laws of God.

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