Millennial Comparisons

Posted By Thomas Perez. April 17, 2011 at 11:30pm.

Historic Premillennialism

1. Favored hermeneutic – Grammatico-historical
2. Israel and the church – The church is the fulfillment of Israel.
3. The rapture – The saints, living and dead, shall meet the Lord in the clouds as he comes to earth to commence the millennial reign.
4. Kingdom of God – The literal physical kingdom reign anticipated by the OT and NT prophets.
5. Millennium – Christ will return to institute a thousand-year reign on earth after the tribulation period. Others like J. Barton Payne argue for an imminent Second Coming.
6. Major proponents – W.J. Erdman, George Eldon Ladd, Robert Gundry, Robert Culver, Walter Martin, J. Barton Payne, John Warwick Montgomery, Wayne Grudem.

Postmillennialism

1. Favored hermeneutic – Covenant-historical
2. Israel and the church – The church is the fulfillment of Israel.
3. The rapture – The rapture is temporally coincident with the Second Coming, both of which occur at the end of the church age
4. Kingdom of God – A spiritual entity experienced on earth through the Christianizing effect of the Gospel.
5. Millennium – A “golden age” leading up to Christ’s second advent during which Christ will virtually rule over the whole earth through an unprecedented spread of the Gospel; the large majority of people will become Christian.
6. Major proponents – Lorraine Boettner, Rousas J. Rushdoony, Greg L. Bahnson, Kenneth L. Gentry Jr., David Chilton, R.C. Sproul , Gary North.

Amillennialism

1. Favored hermeneutic – Redemptive-historical
2. Israel and the church – The church is the eschatological fulfillment of Israel.
3. The rapture – The saints, living and dead, shall meet the Lord in the clouds and immediately proceed to judge the nations with Christ and then follow Him into their eternal state.
4. Kingdom of God – A spiritual reality in which all Christians partake presently by faith, but by sight at the consummation.
5. Millennium – Inaugurated with Christ’s resurrection. In an “already/not yet” sense, Christ already reigns over all and is already victorious over Satan.
6. Major proponents – Charles Hodge, Meredith Kline, Kim Riddlerbarger, Robert B. Strimple, Gregory Beale, Anthony Hoekema, Vern Poythress, John Murray, Louis Berkhof.

Chart adapted from Wikipedia article on “Millennial Kingdom.”

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