Footnotes By Thomas Perez. Copyright On This Chapter; 2014.
V The Lamb and the Scroll Worthy is the Lamb
1. And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals. (Cr1)
2. And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, Who is worthy to open the book, and to loose the seals thereof? (Cr2)
3. And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon.
4. And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon.
5. And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. (Cr5)
6. And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. (Cr6)
7. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. (Cr7)
8. And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints. (Cr8)
9. And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; (Cr9)
10. And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. (Cr10)
11. And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
12. Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. (Cr12)
13. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. (Cr13)
14. And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.
Cr1. Ezek 2:9-10, Isa 29:11. Cr2. Rev 4:11, 5:9. Cr5. Gen 49:9, Heb 7:14 Isa 11:1, 10, Rev 3:21, 6:1. Cr6. Jn 1:29, Zech 3:9, 4:10, Rev 1:4, 3:1, 4:5. Cr7. Rev 4:2. Cr8. Rev 4:8-10, 19:4, 8:3. Cr9. Rev 14:3, 4:11. Cr10. Ex 19:6, Isa 61:6. Cr12. Isa 53:7. Cr13. Phil 2:10, I Chr 29:11, Rev 4:2-3, 6:16, 20:11.
Vs. 1-5. Here John see’s a scroll sealed shut with seven seals in the right hand of Him that sat upon the throne. It is held in the right hand as opposed to the left. The right Hand symbolizes complete sovereignty, authority, and judgment. The scroll contains the unfolding of all that is to come. Whether that commencement was in John’s day or for future generations, the scroll contain the hidden things of God. It contains that which was hidden from Daniel (12:4). It contains both; God’s judgments and ultimate redemption. Scrolls often depict a pronunciation of some sort. A similar incidence is found in Ezekiel. In Ezekiel 3:1-3, Ezekiel is given a scroll to eat (metaphorically speaking). Another occurrence of eating the Word of God is found in Ch 10 of Revelation (Cr I Per 2:2, I Cor 3:2). A question is asked, “Who is worthy to open the book (scroll) and to loosen the seals thereof?” No creature is found worthy to open the scroll, not even the 24 Elders who also have thrones. However as John weeps at the contemplation of not knowing what is contained in this once hidden scroll, one of the Elders; possibly from the 24 testimonial kohanic Gifts of Judaism, the 24 Avatars of Vishnu, or the 24 Buddha’s of Jainism, as discussed in Ch 4, tells John not to weep. The Elder reveals unto John that “the Lion of the tribe of Juda (Judah), the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.” This is a unique citation. The citation indicates the importance of this faith; the faith of Jesus Christ (Gal 3:22, Heb 12:2, Rev 2:13, 14:12). It indicates that this particular Messiah, who comes from the tribe of Judah and the House of David, prevailed. But why the exaltation? What makes this Messiah, who comes from a particular tribe the more relevant than those seated around Him? Perhaps, it is because of the testimony of John the Baptist – who declared “Make straight in the desert a highway for our God” – who in turn was probably quoting one of the testimonial kohanic gifts of Judaism as from the prophet Isaiah (Isa 40:3). Taking notice of the 4 kohanic gifts (the firstborn animal, the first fruits, the thank offering – which also includes the Nazirite offering, and the burnt offering); we see in the middle of everything “a Lamb as it had been slain.” Since the Lamb is referenced as being from the House of David – the seed of Judah and Abraham, the Lamb is seen as the One who prevailed against the serpent (Gen 3:15). See footnote in Genesis 3:15 and Galatians 4:4.
Vs. 6. “A lamb as it had been slain.” The sentence warrants a question. Is the Lamb slain? Or is the Lamb apparently seen as though He had been slain? Or is the citation indicating a past event in which the powers of darkness having thought the Lamb dead, is now alive? Other versions cite, “A Lamb as though it had been slain.” Others use the phrase; “as if,” “He looked like He had been slaughtered,” “The Lamb looked like He had been slaughtered,” and, “A Lamb that appeared to have been killed.” If we take the latter versions into account, we come to the conclusion that the Lamb wasn’t really slain as many would have Him to be. But if we consider the sentence, “a Lamb as it had been slain,” then one is left contemplating the Lamb either as having the appearance of being slain or having evidential proof of one that is slain – it is a definitive statement of an accomplished fact. In English, the phrase “as” indicates a common conjunction. It is a time clause, a clause of comparison, and a clause of manner (an aspect of behavior). It indicates a time when something happened, a period in time – like as, even as, when, since, as long as. It comes from the Gk word ὅς, ἥ, ὅ. Its transliteration is hos, hé, ho. It is a relative pronoun. The pronoun in this case is a person. The word “it” also indicates a pronoun. The word “it” has replaced the noun “Lamb.” Keep in mind, if you call someone by the name “It” you are using a proper noun. The word “it” is subjective, objective, reflective, and intensive. The word “as” can easily be replaced by the words “because” and “since,” due to the fact that it is before the word “it.” If we were to do that, the sentence would appear more definitive; “a Lamb because/since it had been slain.” However, versions that use the word “though” reveal a contrast in relation to another, in this case contrasting the word “Lamb” and its action verb “slain.” It is a concession clause. The word “if” is a possible or counter-factual situation. It is a conditional clause. The versions that omit the word the “as” simply neglect the Greek as mentioned above. For more on the slaying of the Lamb see footnote in I Corinthians 15:3-4. The Lamb, besides having been slain, is described as having 7 horns and 7 eyes, which are the 7 Spirits of God.
Vs. 7-8. The Lamb takes the scroll out of the right hand of Him that sat on the throne is a clear indication of divine authority and sovereignty. The term, “the right hand of God” is similar to Jesus’ citation of sitting at the right hand of God/power. It is also similar to Jesus’ appearance during the martyrdom of Stephan (Acts 7:54-60). No one recognizes one another as being worthy (Heb 5:4-5), but the Lamb recognizes Himself because He is the actual right Hand of God. See footnote in Acts 7:56. He is the actual right Hand of God because He inhabits and consists of 7 horns and 7 eyes. The 7 Spirits of God are synonymous with both, the horns and the eyes. In Biblical symbology, a horn represents an earthy kingdom or the realm of a kingdom. The eye symbolizes the omnipresence and omniscience of God. A contrast to that “little horn” that has the mouth and eyes of a man which spoke great things against the Most High (Dan 7:8, 20). The Biblical numerical number of 7 is found not only in Judaism and Christianity, but also in Islam, Hinduism, Hermeticism and Gnosticism. Perhaps the horns and the eyes are symbolic of the Heavens and the underworlds. In Judaism, the 7 Heavens are; 1. Vilon (Isa 40:22) also called “arafel,” 2. Raki’a (Gen 1:17), 3. Shehaqim (Ps 78:23), 4. Zebul (Isa 63:15, I Kings 8:13), 5. Ma’on (Deut 26:15, Ps 42:9), 6. Machon (1 Kings 7:30, Deut 28:12), and 7. Araboth (Ps 68:4). The seventh Heaven is where the throne of the Lord is located. The 3rd Book of Enoch also discusses such Heavens. Jewish literature such as the Merkavah and Heichalot discuss these Heavens in detail as well. The Hebrew numeral “seven” (hepta) corresponds to the Hebrew term “sheba” – meaning to be “full,” “abundant.” It is a state of completion and abundance. In Christianity, the 7 Spirits are in reference to the Holy Spirit. This connection is due to Isaiah’s citation in Isa 11:2-3 – the Spirit of; 1. Rest, 2. Wisdom, 3. Understanding, 4. Counsel, 5. Might, 6. Knowledge, and 7. Fear. In Acts 16:7 and Galatians 4:6, the Spirit is attributed to Jesus Christ. The Qur’an also makes mention of 7 Heavens. “See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, and made the moon a light in their midst, and made the Sun a Lamp?”(71:15-16). “Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is able to do all things. Who has created death and life that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving; Who has created the seven heavens one above another; you can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious.”(67:1-3). In the Islamic faith they are called; 1. Rafi’ (the least heaven), 2. Qaydum, 3. Marum, 4. Arfalun, 5. Hay’oun, 6. Arous, and 7. Ajma’. In Hinduism they are called, by way of ascension; 1. Bhoor-Loka (i.e. the Earth), 2. Bhuvar-Loka, 3. Svar-Loka, 4. Mahar-Loka, 5. Jana-Loka, 6. Tapa-Loka, and 7. Satya-loka . The Hindu Lord Vishnu lives in the seventh heaven – Satya Loka or Vaikuntha . The underworlds are 1. Atala, 2. Vitala, 3. Sutala, 4. Rasaatala, 5. Talataala, 6. Mahaatala, 7. Patala. Thus Svarga are the seven upper regions of Heaven, and Patala – which consists of the underworlds and netherworlds. The earth is in the midst of Svarga and Patala. For more on this see footnote: Luke 16. The 7 Spirits of the Lamb may also be in reference to the 7 worlds or principles of the Hermetic tradition. It can be concluded that these Spirits symbolize the Lambs overall conquest and complete perfect knowledge of the 7 Hermetic principles. The Seven Hermetic Principles are; 1. The Principle of Mentalism, 2. The Principle of Correspondence, 3. The Principle of Vibration, 4. The Principle of Polarity, 5. The Principle of Rhythm, 6. The Principle of Cause and Effect, and 7. The Principle of Gender. The principles embodies ALL that is “Mind” – should we not put on the Mind of Christ, that we may be One with Him? (Rom 12:2, I Cor 2:16, Phil 2:5). Should we not worship Him in Spirit and Truth? (see footnote in Jn 4:24). The Hermetic tradition (started by Hermes Trismegistus) was recognized by many Christian scholars including; Lactantius, Augustine, and St. Thomas Aquinas. He is recognized as a wise, albeit, pagan prophet. A consensus as to the date of this individual is unknown. Scholars suggest 172BC due to the origin of the description “Trismegistus” or “thrice great.” Other suggest 64–141AD, as found in the Athenagora by Philo. The theology teaches that there is a “Single” true faith that exists and is threaded through all religions/faiths. This ideology became known as the “Prisca Theologia.” It clearly seems evident that Jesus, Paul, and John is expressing this train of thought (Jn 1:1, 14, 10:30, 14:6, I Cor 8:6, 15:28, Eph 4:4-6, I Tim 2:4). It is said that Hermes might be a syncretic combination of Greek and Egyptian mythology, namely that of the Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian god Thoth . Others, like Augustine, believed him to be a real human being who once lived, dedicating many chapters to Hermes in his “City of God.” For more on Hermes Trismegistus, see footnote in Genesis 1:1. But perhaps the ultimate triumph of the Prisca Theologia is principle number 4 “Everything is Dual; everything has poles; everything has its pair of opposites; like and unlike are the same; opposites are identical in nature, but different in degree; extremes meet; all truths are but half-truths; all paradoxes may be reconciled.” – The Kybalion. A truth Augustine failed to recognize. The four living Beings and the 24 Elders are seen prostate, worshiping the Immortal King (I Tim 1:17, 6:15, Rev 17:14, 19:16). The Elders are described as having harps and bowls of incense which contain the prayers of the saints – a possible correlation to Ch 8:1-6.
Vs. 9-10. A new song is declared! The Lamb having reconciled ALL paradoxes, ideologies, cultures, tribes, and kindred’s by His blood, has redeemed us to God out of the aforementioned descriptors. The phase “out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation,” is indicative of the Universal scope, and the depth this blood stained quest upon the humanities (Jn 1:29). For it warrants a new song. The majestic Christ has pulled out and has indeed drew ALL men to Himself through the act of blood-shedding (Jn 3:17, 12:32). Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism all require a sacrifice of some kind – though in Hinduism this is achieved by offering grains, spices, ghee (clarified butter), wood (for fire incantations of sacred Mantra’s), and/or acts of devotion and surrender. Their method presentation differs from those of the Abrahamic faiths. The atonement of Christ is not a “Multidisciplinary theory” which states language as a subjective definition of situations by the participants, (story tellers) as represented and ongoingly updated in specific “mental models” of language users. In other words, the atonement is subject to either change, or the Biblical passages that make the case of a sacrificial atonement a reality, really means something that does not appear as relevant for today as it once were during its audience. It is not what it seems. In other words, the blood of Jesus is a metaphor (many claim this today). If this is the case, then the topic pertaining to the ultimate reconciliation or universal salvation of man, if you will, may be at risk, and subject to change due to “mental models” today. The term “reconciliation” will not apply today. If we were to dismiss the atonement as something that is irrelevant for today, then we cancel the time it actually took place; thus our fellowship is broken. Time is not constraint to the present. But it is often related to the past and to the future – it encompasses both. And both are concerned with “where we stand with God today.” But any real Reconciliationist would note on the contrary that God was and is always concerned with the heart and souls of men. Thus having, and/or allowing them to perform ritualistic rites to appease their pallets and eventually declaring its finalization of symbols and shadows in Jesus Christ as the epitome of various atonements collected and gathered as one Ultimate Sacrifice for ALL faiths (Eph 2:7, 4:5-6, Col 1:19-22, 3:11, I Tim 2:5-6, I Pet 3:18-20). “Truth is one, the sages speak of it by many names.” – Rig Veda 1.164.46. “In whatever way they worship me, also give them the fruits of their worship, in a similar manner.”- Bhagavad Gita 4:11. In Islamic tradition, Despite sharp theological differences, the Qur’an clearly states that both Jews and Christians would share in the righteousness of Allah – “Those who believe and those who follow the Jewish, and the Christians, and the Sabians, any who believe in God and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” Hence we have become kings and priests onto God (Ex 19:6, Isa 61:6, I Pet 2:5, 9, Rev 1:6, 5:10). For more on the sacrifice of Christ see article “Is the Atonement of Christ Necessary for Salvation?” For more on the Judgments of God see footnote Revelation 20:12-15.
Vs. 11-14. Worthy is the Lamb: Although the Lamb was slain, it receives power, riches, wisdom, strength, honor, glory, and blessing. Of the seven proclamations; 3 are attributes – power, wisdom, and strength. While riches, honor, glory, and blessings are inherited. This adoration of praise is given by the 4 living Beings, the 24 Elders, and an innumerable amount of angels (thousands, upon thousands, upon thousands – to the highest 10). They declare all 7 proclamations – validating the supremacy of the Lamb (Matt 28:18, Mk 2:10, Matt 13:54, Lk 2:52, Isa 26:4, II Cor 8:9, Eph 3:8, Heb 2:9, II Pet 1:17, Lk 21:27, Jn 1:14, 2:11, 17:5, 22, 24, Rom 15:29, Eph 1:3). In Vs. 13 we notice that every creature in Heaven, on earth, and under the earth; even those in the sea are declaring their own version of proclamation. But it is one of appreciation. These creatures declare blessings, honor, glory. Yet, we also find the word “power” – an attribute. It is their recognition of the Lambs power to redeem and reconcile. Perhaps it is those who are of the underworlds (as in the citation, “and under the earth”) those who seemingly appear forever as lost, are now praising God and bestowing upon Him their eternal thankfulness of unconditional and unmerited favor and now rejoice that they to can inherit salvation. Perhaps it is the reconciliation of fallen angels, the Jinn (who are capable of freewill according to Islam) – this would include Shaitan/Shaytan or Satan as pronounced in the Judaic and Christian school of thought. A Hindu, Buddhist, or those inclined to Jainism may see this particular passage as the soul no longer requiring reincarnation because Nirvana is achieved (as in the Buddhist point of view), For Hinduism and Jainism, it will be the ultimate achievement of Moksha. Yes, the Lamb is busy at work! For He liveth (lives) forever after the order of Melchizedek! (Psa 110:4, Heb 7:3).