The Pale Blue Dot? Bibliography and Citations

Posted, Cited and Arranged By Thomas Perez.

So far, there are 594 citations, plus many pictures and other direct links not included in this bibliography. But as you can see Chapters 19 to 67 have not yet been completed.

Past & present scientists, physicists, various prestigious universities, journals and yes, even NASA is quoted, along with various encyclopedias, works by those with their PhD’s, archived documents and other reliable sources, as needed, are also quoted.

No flat Earth website or book is quoted. Everything is of an independent research. I did not want to be tainted. I am discovering this myself. Things do not appear as they are telling us and showing us; via photo’s or alleged live video streams from the ISS, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY & CITATIONS

CHAPTER 1: PythagorasPtolemy, Copernicus, Kepler, Tycho and Newton; Standing the Test of Time

(1) https://www.quora.com/What-will-happen-if-the-Pythagorean-theorem-is-proven-wrong-or-hypothetically-does-not-exist

(2) Wikipedia

(3) La Géométrie’ (1637), a short tract included with the anonymously published ‘Discourse on Method

(4) https://flatearthinsanity.blogspot.com/2016/08/flat-earth-follies-how-to-derive-8-per.html?m=1

(5) https://www.omnicalculator.com/physics/earth-curvature

(6) C. M. Linton (2004). From Eudoxus to Einstein: a history of mathematical astronomy. Cambridge University Press. p. 52

(7) http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/hipparchus.html

(8) STEP – Science and Technology in the European Periphery” Journal: STEP – Science and Technology in the European Periphery.Retrieved 2012-11-27.

(9) Cosmos. By Carl Sagan. Random House. New York; 1980. Page 53.

(10) https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/whos_who_level2/copernicus.html

(11) Westman, Robert S. (1975). The Copernican achievement. University of California Press. p. 322

(12) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “John Scottus Eriugena.” First published Thu Aug 28, 2003; substantive revision Sun Oct 17, 2004. Accessed April 30, 2014

(13) Ramasubramania, K. (1994). “Modification of the earlier Indian planetary theory by the Kerala astronomers (c. 1500 AD) and the implied heliocentric picture of planetary motion” (PDF). Current Science66: 784–90.

(14) Joseph, George G. (2000), The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, p. 408, Princeton University Press

(15) Ramasubramanian, K., “Model of planetary motion in the works of Kerala astronomers”Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India26: 11–31 [23–4].

(16) https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johannes-Kepler

(17) Pantin, Isabelle (1999). “New Philosophy and Old Prejudices: Aspects of the Reception of Copernicanism in a Divided Europe” page 262.

(18) Seligman, Courtney. Bradley’s Discovery of Stellar Aberration.(2013). http://cseligman.com/text/history/bradley.htm

(19) Plait, Phil. (Sept. 14, 2010). Geocentrism Seriously? Discover Magazine. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2010/09/14/geocentrism-seriously/#.UVEn7leiBpd

(20) Musgrave, Iam. (Nov. 14, 2010). Geo-xcentricities part 2; the view from Mars. Astroblog.http://astroblogger.blogspot.com/2010/11/geo-xcentricities-part-2-view-from-mars.html

CHAPTER 2: Stellar Parallaxes, Stellar Aberrations and Geocentism

(1) Seligman, Courtney. Bradley’s Discovery of Stellar Aberration. (2013). http://cseligman.com/text/history/bradley.htm

(2) Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed.) 1989.

(3) https://www.thefreedictionary.com/stellar+aberration

(4) Schaffner, Kenneth F. (1972), Nineteenth-century aether theories, Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 99–117.

(5) https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/aberration+of+starlight

(6) Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], pg 4.

(7) Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], pg 2.

(8) Wikipedia.

(9) Williams, M. E. W. “Flamsteed’s Alleged Measurement of Annual Parallax for the Pole Star.” Journal for the History of Astronomy10 (2): 102–116.

(10) Bradley, James (1727-1728). “A Letter from the Reverend Mr. James Bradley Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, and F.R.S. to Dr. Edmond Halley Astronom. Giving an Account of a New Discovered Motion of the Fix’d Stars.” Phil. Trans. R. Soc.35: 637–661.

(11) Hirschfeld, Alan (2001). Parallax: The Race to Measure the Cosmos. New York, New York: Henry Holt.

(12) Norton, John D., John D (2004). Einsteins Investigation of Galilean Covariant electrodynamics Prior to 1905. Archive for History of Exact Sciences 59:45-105.

(13) George Smooth III. “Aristotle’s Physics” IbI.gov. Archived from the original on 20 Dec 2016.

(14) Helrich, page 26.

(15) https://www.britannica.com/science/Michelson-Morley-experiment.

(16) https://www.britannica.com/science/ether-theoretical-substance

(17) https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/einstein/lrk-hand-emc2expl.html

(18) http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Extras/Einstein_ether.html

(19) Original paper here: On the Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether.

(20) Original paper here: On a Supposed Alteration in the Amount of Astronomical Aberration of Light, Produced by the Passage of the Light through a Considerable Thickness of Refracting Medium.

(21) Original paper here: Sur la preuve de la réalité de l’éther lumineux

(22) A Quote of Denial: Bill Hazelton, PhD. University of Melbourne; 1992.

(23) https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/37887103/debunking-the-sagnac-experiment-millennium-relativity

(24) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_physics_notations

(25) http://www.cyberphysics.co.uk/general_pages/alphabet.html

(26) https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/29583/do-all-frequencies-of-light-have-the-same-speed

(27) https://einstein.stanford.edu/content/relativity/q1917.html

(28) https://www.livescience.com/29111-speed-of-light-not-constant.htm

(29) https://www.wilsonamplifiers.com/blog/8-reasons-why-cell-phone-signals-suddenly-go-bad/

(30) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine_communications_cable

(31) https://www.airspacemag.com/flight-today/how-things-work-ring-laser-gyros-32371541/#vidZpueLSjX28zC1.99

(32) http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2010/09/14/geocentrism-seriously/#.W47_Yx8pDqA

(33) https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/nasa/measuringuniverse/spacemath1/a/the-geocentric-universe

(34) Gregory Snelgar, Physicist. https://www.quora.com/Is-it-possible-to-construct-a-modern-geocentric-model

(35) Dr. Donahue’s translation of Kepler’s masterwork with its deception on full display is to be published this year by the Cambridge University Press. A Book Critical of Kepler’s Work.

(36). https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/37887103/debunking-the-sagnac-experiment-millennium-relativity

CHAPTER 3: The Firmament/Dome

(1) https://m.phys.org/news/2016-07-scenes-protostellar-disk-formation.html

(2) http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/info/223-Planets-and-Disks

(3) Sky & Telescope: Astronomy-News

(4) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/earth-is-not-round/

(5) https://www.quora.com/Why-is-the-Earth-oval-in-shape

(6) Carstensen of Virginia Tech in Blacksburg

(7) https://amp-businessinsider-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/amp.businessinsider.com/nikon-coolpix-p900-zooms-into-the-moon-2016-1?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s

(8) https://photo.stackexchange.com/questions/86509/how-far-can-a-nikon-p900-focus

(9) Ibid.

(10) https://www.quora.com/How-far-can-you-see-a-boat-before-it-disappears-because-of-the-curvature-of-the-Earth

(11) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Antarctic_expeditions

(12) Encyclopedia Americana Vol 2,
published 1958.

(13) The Hollow Earth: The Greatest Geographical Discovery in History Made by Admiral Richard E. Byrd in the Mysterious Land Beyond the Poles, was published in 1964 by Raymond W. Bernard (a pseudonym for a man named Walter Siegmeister).

(14) https://www.gralienreport.com/ufos/the-odd-exploits-of-admiral-byrd-bitter-reality-at-earths-end/

(15) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674984715000518

(16) http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-universe-not-expanding-01940.html

CHAPTER 4: The Apollo Missions; Did We Really Go? Objections Numbers 1, 2 And 3

(1) https://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/

(2) https://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo11-facts.cfm

(3) https://www-cbsnews-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.cbsnews.com/amp/news/apollo-11-landing-watch-live-stream-the-moon-landing-original-date-50-year-anniversary-july-16-1969/?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cbsnews.com%2Fnews%2Fapollo-11-landing-watch-live-stream-the-moon-landing-original-date-50-year-anniversary-july-16-1969%2F

(4) Ibid.

(5) http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/alsj/a16/a16.html

(6) http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/about-us/45-our-solar-system/the-moon/the-moon-landings/122-are-there-telescopes-that-can-see-the-flag-and-lunar-rover-on-the-moon-beginner

(7) https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/solarsystem/hubble_moon.html

(8) https://www.space.com/12835-nasa-apollo-moon-landing-sites-photos-lro.html

(9) https://www.space.com/12771-nasa-apollo-missions-photo-countdown.html

(10) https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.space.com/amp/12835-nasa-apollo-moon-landing-sites-photos-lro.html

“NASA Probe Beams Home Best Moon Map Ever”Space.com. November 18, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2016.

Phillips, Tony; Barry, Patrick L. (July 11, 2005). “Abandoned Spaceships”. NASA. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

Hautaluoma, Grey; Freeberg, Andy (July 17, 2009). “LRO Sees Apollo Landing Sites”. NASA. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

Garner, Robert, ed. (July 2, 2009). “LRO’s First Moon Images”. NASA. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

Harwood, William (June 18, 2009). “Atlas 5 rocket launches NASA Moon mission”CNet.com. Retrieved June 18, 2009.

Clark, Stephen (June 18, 2019). “10 years since its launch, NASA lunar orbiter remains crucial for moon landings”Spaceflight Now. Retrieved June 20, 2019.

Vincent Baeten; Philippe Vermeulen; Juan Antonio Fernández Pierna & Pierre Dardenne (June 2014). “From targeted to untargeted detection of contaminants and foreign bodies in food and feed using NIR spectroscopy”New Food magazine. pp. 18–23. Retrieved 26 June 2014.

Hoekzema, Nick. “Planetary & Cometary Exploration Cameras on Orbiters and Landers”. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

Neal-Jones, Nancy (2014-01-29). “NASA’s LRO Snaps a Picture of NASA’s LADEE Spacecraft”NASA. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

K. N. Burns; E. J. Speyerer; M. S. Robinson; T. Tran; M. R. Rosiek; B. A. Archinal; E. Howington-Kraus; LROC Science Team (25 August 2012). “Digital Elevation Models and Derived Products from LROC NAC STEREO observations” (PDF)International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XXXIX-B4, 2012 XXII ISPRS Congress. p. 483. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

(21) Phillips, Tony; Barry, Patrick L. (July 11, 2005). “Abandoned Spaceships”. NASA. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

(22) Ibid.

(23) https://www.nasa.gov/feature/john-f-kennedy-and-nasa

(24) https://www-nbcnews-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.nbcnews.com/mach/amp/ncna1027531?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#aoh=15632575514145&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nbcnews.com%2Fmach%2Fscience%2Fapollo-11-eleven-things-you-never-knew-about-nasa-s-ncna1027531

(25) Ksysing 2002, p. 71

(26) Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake?”American Patriot Friends Network (APFN). APFN.org. July 21, 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

(27) Longuski 2006 p. 102

(28) Aaronovitch 2010, pp. 1–2, 6

(29) http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/space/07/17/moon.landing.hoax/index.html

(30) https://www-sciencefocus-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.sciencefocus.com/space/if-neil-armstrong-was-first-on-the-moon-who-filmed-him-on-the-ladder/amp/?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencefocus.com%2Fspace%2Fif-neil-armstrong-was-first-on-the-moon-who-filmed-him-on-the-ladder%2F

(31) Steven-Boniecki, Dwight (2010). Live TV From the Moon. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books.

(32) A Detailed Look at the Camera Gear Behind the Historical Apollo 11 Moon Landing”petapixel.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

(33) “Photography During Apollo”http://www.history.nasa.gov. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

(34) Teitel, Amy Shira (February 5, 2016). “How NASA Broadcast Neil Armstrong Live from the Moon”Popular Science. Retrieved March 11,2019.

(35) https://www-express-co-uk.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.express.co.uk/news/science/1155792/moon-landing-faked-how-was-nasa-apollo-11-moon-landing-filmed-camera-space/amp?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.express.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fscience%2F1155792%2Fmoon-landing-faked-how-was-nasa-apollo-11-moon-landing-filmed-camera-space

(36) Wikipedia.

(37) “The Keys To Chromakey: How To Use A Green Screen”. Videomaker. Retrieved 23 October 2017.

(38) https://www.rocketstock.com/blog/visual-effects-matte-paintings-composited-film/

(39) https://www.dictionary.com/e/area-51/

(40) https://www.universetoday.com/117331/how-nasa-filmed-humans-last-leaving-the-moon-42-years-ago/

(41) Anthony, James. “Fly Me to the Moon”Web Wombat. Web Wombat Pty Ltd. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

(42) http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread1057296/pg5

(43) https://www.moongiant.com/phase/07/20/1969

(44) NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio. Via – https://www.calendar-12.com/moon_calendar/1969/july

(45) https://www.timeanddate.com/astronomy/moon/distance.html?year=2019&n=403

(46) Harrison 2021, p. 96

(47) Plait 2002, p. 164

(48) Plait 2002, pp. 163–65

(49) Apollo 11 Preliminary Science Report” (PDF). NASA. 1969. NASA SP-214. Retrieved May 1,2013.

(50) http://www.moonhoaxdebunked.com/2017/07/811-why-is-there-no-dust-on-apollo-11s.html?m=1

(51) Orloff, Richard W. (September 2004) [First published 2000]. “Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference”NASA History Program Office. NASA. ISBN 0-16-050631-X. NASA SP-2000-4029. Retrieved May 31, 2013. See Statistical Tables: “Selected Mission Weights (lbs)” and “LM Descent Stage Propellant Status”.

(52) Rogers, William F. “Apollo Lunar Module Landing Gear” (PDF)Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. NASA. Retrieved May 31, 2013.

(53) Heiken 1991, pp. 475–476

(54) Sarkissian, John M. (2001). “On Eagle’s Wings: The Parkes Observatory’s Support of the Apollo 11 Mission”.

(55) Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing for the Astronomical Society of Australia 18 (3): 287–310. Bibcode 2001PASA…18..287S. doi:10.1071/AS01038. Retrieved November 25, 2008. October 2000 website version, part 1 of 12: “Introduction.” Original version available from CSIRO Parkes Observatory (PDF).

(56) http://www.youtube.com/user/zellco321/videos

(57) http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/video11.html#Lan

(58) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/space/5852424/NASA-release-unseen-moon-landing-footage.html

CHAPTER 5: The Apollo Missions; Did We Really Go? Objections Numbers 5, 6 And 7

(1) https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/33948-van-allen-radiation-belts.html?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F33948-van-allen-radiation-belts.html

(2) http://discovermagazine.com/2014/jan-feb/92-third-radiation-belt-discovered-around-earth

(3) https://www.popsci.com/blog-network/vintage-space/apollo-rocketed-through-van-allen-belts/

(4) Ibid 2.

(5) http://www.braeunig.us/apollo/apollo11-TLI.htm

(6) https://www.space.com/27979-van-allen-belts-barrier-particles.html

(7) Ibid 1.

(8) https://www.geek.com/news/group-of-physicists-plans-to-wipe-out-earths-van-allen-belts-with-radio-waves-1586037/

(9) https://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/astrophysics/hacking-the-van-allen-belts

(10) https://www.nasa.gov/feature/space-radiation-won-t-stop-nasa-s-human-exploration/

(11) http://www pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1081_web.pdf

(12) https://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/radiation/health-effects/info.html#dose

(13) http://news.mit.edu/1994/safe-0105

(14) Cucinotta, FA; Durante, M (2006). “Cancer risk from exposure to galactic cosmic rays: implications for space exploration by human beings” (PDF)Lancet Oncol7 (5): 431–435. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(06)70695-7PMID 16648048.

(15) Cucinotta, FA; Kim, MH; Willingham, V; George, KA (Jul 2008). “Physical and biological organ dosimetry analysis for international space station astronauts”. Radiation Research170 (1): 127–38. doi:10.1667/RR1330.1PMID 18582161.

(16) https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/travelinginspace/radiation_shielding.html

(17) https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2005/25aug_plasticspaceships

(18) https://amp-pressconnects-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/amp.pressconnects.com/amp/494352002?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pressconnects.com%2Fstory%2Fnews%2Flocal%2F2018%2F04%2F06%2Fwhat-astronaut-suits-made%2F494352002%2F

(19) Plait 2002, pp. 162-63.

(22) Plait 2002, pp. 165–67.

(23) Windley, Jay. “Clavius: Environment – heat”Moon Base Clavius. Clavius.org. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

(24) Zell, Holly (February 12, 2015). “Van Allen Probes Spot an Impenetrable Barrier in Space”NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. Retrieved 2017-06-04.

(25) Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (November 1, 2011).“Hammer Versus Feather on the Moon”Astronomy Picture of the DayNASA. Retrieved April 20, 2013.

(26) Source for video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mTsrRZEMwA

(27) http://mentalfloss.com/article/22913/hammer-and-feather-drop-moon

(28) https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo_15_feather_drop.html

(29) https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/18175-moon-temperature.html?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F18175-moon-temperature.html

(30) https://mobile-reuters-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSTRE56F5MK20090716?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.reuters.com%2Farticle%2Fus-nasa-tapes-idUSTRE56F5MK20090716

(31) https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/22731/what-documentation-remains-from-apollo/22734#22734

(32) Wikipedia.

(33) https://sservi.nasa.gov/articles/nasa-and-curtin-university-sign-affiliate-member-statement/

(34) https://www-vice-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.vice.com/amp/en_us/article/kzakkn/nasa-destroyed-hundreds-of-mystery-tapes-found-in-a-dead-mans-basement-apollo-era?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.vice.com%2Fen_us%2Farticle%2Fkzakkn%2Fnasa-destroyed-hundreds-of-mystery-tapes-found-in-a-dead-mans-basement-apollo-era

(35) Spitznagel, Eric (July 19, 2019). “What It’s Like to Be a Moon Landing Conspiracist in 2019”Popular Mechanics.

(36) “The Moon Hoax; Did we really go?”http://www.astronautcentral.com.

CHAPTER 6 : Satellitesthe ISS and Live Stream Video Feeds?

(1) http://www.popsci.com/now-you-can-see-all-space-junk-floating-around-earth-real-time

(2) https://www.universetoday.com/42198/how-many-satellites-in-space/

(3) http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3673749/Can-spot-space-station-Nasa-satellite-takes-images-orbit-200-miles-ISS.html

(4) https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/space-station-view-of-noctilucent-clouds

(5) https://www.howitworksdaily.com/10-incredible-space-robots/

(6) https://www.space.com/13071-international-space-station-reentry-plans.html

(7) http://satellites.spacesim.org/english/function/weather/index.html

(8) http://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/do-all-satellites-have-fly-same-speed-so-not-leave-their-orbit

(9) https://www.space.com/8876-international-space-station-numbers.html

(10) http://www.ustream.tv/channel/live-iss-stream

(11) https://astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/71/howfast.html

(12) https://stardate.org/astro-guide/faqs/how-fast-earth-moving-through-space

(13) https://earthsky.org/earth/why-cant-we-feel-earths-spin

(14) https://www.sciencealert.com/this-is-how-much-a-cloud-weighs

(15) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-do-clouds-float-when/

(16) https://www.quora.com/When-looking-at-the-sky-and-clouds-are-moving-in-one-direction-are-they-moving-because-of-the-wind-or-is-the-planet-simply-revolving

(17) https://scied.ucar.edu/shortcontent/thermosphere-overview

(18) https://www.newsweek.com/undersea-cables-transport-99-percent-international-communications-319072

(19) From the New York Times; https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/03/10/technology/internet-cables-oceans.html

(20) https://skyandtelescope.org/wp-content/plugins/observing-tools/satellite_transit/tracker.html

(21) The proceeding link was taken from this article…Satellite Transit Tool: Spot ISS Transits of the Sun and Moon

(22) https://satelliteobservation.net/2017/04/20/observing-satellites/amp/#Orbital

(23) https://www.skyatnightmagazine.com/advice/how-to-take-a-photo-of-the-iss/

(24) The following link indicates…Astronomy Software: Public Domain, Freeware, and Shareware

CHAPTER 7: The Global Positioning system (GPS)

(1) http://www.physics.org/article-questions.asp?id=55

(2) https://www.newsweek.com/undersea-cables-transport-99-percent-international-communications-319072

(3) https://support.esri.com/en/other-resources/gis-dictionary/term/358112bd-b61c-4081-9679-4fca9e3eb926

(4) https://www.gsat.us/support/glossary/pdop

(5) https://www.agsgis.com/What-is-PDOP-And-Why-its-Obsolete_b_43.html

(6) http://marinegyaan.com/what-is-gdop-or-geometric-dilution-of-precision/

(7) https://gisgeography.com/wgs84-world-geodetic-system/

(8) Wikipedia.

(9) https://www.maa.org/external_archive/joma/Volume8/Kalman/Linear3.html#Figure1

(10) https://www.askdifference.com/ellipsoid-vs-ellipse/

(11) http://groups.csail.mit.edu/graphics/classes/6.837/F03/lectures/04_transformations.ppt

(12) http://www.mathworks.com/help/images/geometric-transformations.html

(13) http://www.mathworks.com/help/images/geometric-transformations.html

(14) https://www.mathworks.com/discovery/affine-transformation.html

(15) https://www.jmu.edu/cisr/research/sic/standards/coordinate.htm

(16) https://www.britannica.com/science/reference-frame

(17) Emil Tocaci, Clive William Kilmister (1984). Relativistic Mechanics, Time, and Inertia. Springer. p. 251. ISBN 90-277-1769-9.

(18) Wolfgang Rindler (1977). Essential RelativityBirkhäuser. p. 25. ISBN 3-540-07970-X.

(19) Ludwik Marian Celnikier (1993). Basics of Space Flight. Atlantica Séguier Frontières. p. 286. ISBN 2-86332-132-3.

(20) Harald Iro (2002). A Modern Approach to Classical MechanicsWorld Scientific. p. 180. ISBN 981-238-213-5.

(21) Albert Shadowitz (1988). Special relativity(Reprint of 1968 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 4. ISBN 0-486-65743-4.

(22) Lawrence E. Goodman & William H. Warner (2001). Dynamics (Reprint of 1963 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 358. ISBN 0-486-42006-X.

(23) Raymond A. Serway (1990). Physics for scientists & engineers (3rd ed.). Saunders College Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 0-03-031358-9.

(24) V. I. Arnol’d (1989). Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics. Springer. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-387-96890-2.

(25) Milton A. Rothman (1989). Discovering the Natural Laws: The Experimental Basis of Physics. Courier Dover Publications. p. 23. ISBN 0-486-26178-6.

(26) Sidney Borowitz & Lawrence A. Bornstein (1968). A Contemporary View of Elementary Physics. McGraw-Hill. p. 138. ASIN B000GQB02A.

(27) Leonard Meirovitch (2004). Methods of analytical Dynamics (Reprint of 1970 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 4. ISBN 0-486-43239-4.

(28) Giuliano Toraldo di Francia (1981). The Investigation of the Physical WorldCUP Archive. p. 115. ISBN 0-521-29925-X.

(29) Peter Ryder, Classical Mechanics, pp. 78-79. Peter Ryder (2007). Classical Mechanics. Aachen Shaker. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-3-8322-6003-3.

(30) PDF online document entitled ‘Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for ASTER Level-1 Data Processing (Ver. 3.0)

(31) (1) NASA (.gov) › eospso › files PDF

(32) (2). Naval Postgraduate School › oc › …PDF

(33) Albert, Abraham Adrian (2016) [1949], Solid Analytic Geometry, Dover, p. 117, ISBN 978-0-486-81026-3.

(34) Ibid 2

(35) Ibid 1

(36) https://www.gps.gov/systems/gps/space/

CHAPTER 8: NASA’s Cameras, Lenses and Video Equipment: An Examination

(1) https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/917.html

(2) “Sand Dunes in Har Nuur (Black Lake), Western Mongolia : Image of the Day”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(3) “Fires in British Columbia : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(4) “New York City and East Coast City Lights : Image of the Day”Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 18 January 2003. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(5) “Plume rises from Ulawun : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(6) “Sarychev Peak Eruption, Kuril Islands : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(7) Nikon (2010-06-14). “The latest Nikon equipment to be used in the Russian segment of the International Space Station: New orders received for Nikon D3S and D3X digital-SLR cameras as well as NIKKOR interchangeable lenses”. Nikon. Retrieved 2016-02-02.

(8) “Aurora Australis Observed from the International Space Station : Image of the Day”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 29 May 2010. Retrieved2017-08-10.

(9) “Pavlof Volcano, Alaska Peninsula : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 18 May 2013. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(10) NASA. Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth: What are the different choices of cameras?”. NASA. Retrieved2016-02-02.

(11) NASA. “NASA Johnson”. NASA. Retrieved 2015-11-16.

(12) “Nikon | News | NASA orders 53 unmodified Nikon D5 digital SLR cameras”.http://www.nikon.com. Retrieved 2017-08-25.

(13) Sony. “The α7S II successfully captured the first ever commercial level 4K footage in space”.http://www.sony.com. Sony. Retrieved2017-10-09.

(14) Impact, Alexis Kleinman Deputy Managing Editor Of; Innovation; Post, The Huffington (24 April 2013). “Even NASA Has Switched To Android”.Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(15) “NASA – Socializing Science With Smartphones in Space”Nasa.gov. Retrieved2017-08-10.

(16) “iPad 2 Scheduled for Delivery to International Space Station Tomorrow – The iPad Guide”.Theipadguide.com. Retrieved10 August 2017.

(17) HDEV”Eol.jsc.nasa.gov. Retrieved2017-08-10.

(18) “ISS Spacewalkers install new external HD Cameras, retract Thermal Radiator – ISS Expedition 48”.Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(19) “ISS Spacewalkers install new external HD Cameras, retract Thermal Radiator”.Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

(20) https://www.amazon.com/Unknown-8427247-Kodak-Fisheye-Lens/product-reviews/B004K1FWNK

(21) https://m.dpreview.com/reviews/kodakdcs760

(22) https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/181740-you-can-finally-watch-a-live-video-feed-of-earth-from-space-and-its-awesome

(23) https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/917.html

(24) https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/208441-new-camera-enables-ultra-hd-4k-video-from-international-space-station

CHAPTER 9: The Curvature of Rockets on a Flat Earth

(1) https://howthingsfly.si.edu/media/newtons-cannon

(2) https://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/why-do-rockets-curve-when-they-fly-space-instead-going-straight

(3) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r4l14VC9bGM

(4) https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/4085/does-the-space-shuttle-fly-straight-up-when-leaving-earth/4087#4087

(5) https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/206978/why-are-rockets-launched-vertically

(6) Carl Henshaw: Navel Research Laboratory https://www.quora.com/Do-our-rockets-go-up-straight-They-seem-to-curve-when-observed-Why

(7) http://www.spaceabc.com

(8) https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/launch-windows/en/

(9) https://www.ksdk.com/mobile/article/news/nation-now/ask-the-captain-highest-altitudes-for-planes/465-c4da732b-7457-4d23-a2b3-9770627ddaba

(10) https://www.airspacemag.com/space/see-world-100000-feet-180955329/#KTUikTWpDWp7rvEI.99

(11) http://www.airspacemag.com/space/the-first-photo-from-space-13721411/?no-ist&webSyncID=d5be8669-a9d0-a2b4-3998-992135d708d3&sessionGUID=ea9e899b-3c14-a036-92d8-6d5d1cd87788

(12) https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/70-years-ago-today-nazi-rockets-and-american-scientists-took-first-photo-earth-space-180960890/

(13) https://www.quora.com/At-what-altitude-do-you-see-the-curvature-of-the-Earth

(14) https://www.metabunk.org/claim-first-image-of-space-taken-from-v-2-rocket-proves-the-earth-is-flat.t9115/

(15) https://www.flyertalk.com/forum/travelbuzz/633492-pilots-when-can-you-start-seeing-curvature-earth-sky-black.html

(16) NASA (.gov) › dryden › pdf

(17) https://forum.tfes.org/index.php?topic=4936.0

(18) https://microphysicsdaily.wordpress.com/2015/08/22/chapter-2-physics-and-mathematics/

(19) Wikipedia.

(20) http://wwwphy.princeton.edu/cosmology/mat/

(21) http://cmb.phys.cwru.edu/boomerang/

(22) http://cosmology.berkeley.edu/group/cmb/index.html

(24) http://astro.uchicago.edu/dasi/

(25) https://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html

(26) https://www.glastory.net/author/juhakarisola/

(27) https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/48-reflection-of-light

CHAPTER 10: The Flat Circular Earth and The “Theory” of Gravity

(1) http://walter.bislins.ch/bloge/index.asp?page=Gravity+on+an+infinite+Flat+Earth+Plane

(2) Wikipedia.

(3) http://walter.bislins.ch/bloge/index.asp?page=Gravity+on+an+infinite+Flat+Earth+Plane

(4) https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/centripetal-force-and-gravitation/gravity-newtonian/v/introduction-to-newton-s-law-of-gravitation

(5) https://socratic.org/questions/why-is-acceleration-due-to-gravity-constant

(6) Gravity of the Earth: Wikipedia.

(7) https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/GRACE/page3.php

(8) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/SurfaceChargeDensity.html

(9) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/GausssLaw.html

(10) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/ElectricField.html

(11) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/PermittivityofFreeSpace.html

(12) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/ElectricField.html

(13) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/SurfaceChargeDensity.html

(14) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/CoulombsLaw.html

(15) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/SphereGravitationalForce.html

(16) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/CoulombForce.html

(17) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/CoulombPotential.html

(18) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/ElectricField.html

(19) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/Heaviside-LorentzSystem.html

(20) http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/InverseSquareLaw.html

(21) http:/scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/BouguerGravity.html

(22) Wikipedia.

CHAPTER 11: Green Screens, Blue Screens, Astronauts On Wires and Stanley Kubrick

(1) Kathryn Ramey. Experimental Filmmaking: Break the Machine. p. 70.

(2) Foster Jeff (2010). The Green Screen Handbook: Real-World Production Techniques. John Wiley & Sons.

(3) Illusions Take Home First Oscars. CRI English. 14 February 2005. Archived from the original on 15 March 2005.

(4) https://www.blackmagicdesign.com/products/ultimatte

(5) NASA CENTRAL OPERATION OF RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS (CORE) Administered by Lorain County Joint Vocational School. NASA Cooperative Agreement NCC5-554 Jeff Ehmen NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

(6) https://blogs.nasa.gov/diyPodcastBlog/2013/04/19/post_1366337220017/https://www.nasa.gov/education/materials/

(7) The Keys To Chromakey: How To Use A Green Screen”. Videomaker. Retrieved23 October 2017

(8) The Flmmakers Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide for the Digital Age. 2008 Edition; pg 544-45. By Steven Ascher and Edward Pincus. Published by Plume and Penguin Books.

(9) “Signal Strength Variables”. Retrieved 2015-03-17.

(10) https://awards.unity.com/2017

(11) https://www.magnopus.com/#about

(12) The Special Effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey

(13) https://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2012-11/8-stanley-kubricks-greatest-technological-innovations

(14) Weidner, Jay (July 20, 2009). “Secrets of the Shining”Bibliotecapleyades.net. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

(15) Faked Moon Landing Hidden Subliminal Messages in Stanley Kubrick’s Movie ‘The Shining’ onYouTube. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

(16) Lamb, Robert (January 21, 2010).“Faked Moon Landings and Kubrick’s ‘The ShiningSeeker. Retrieved June 24, 2017

(17) AustinJon (December 11, 2015).“Moon Landings ‘Fake’: Shock video shows ‘Stanley Kubrick’ admit historic event was ‘HOAXDaily Express. RetrievedDecember 11, 2015.

(18) https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/hqlibrary/ic/faqs.html

(19) https://history.nasa.gov/HHR-32/ch2.htm

(20) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_North_American_broadcast_station_classeshttps://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/ca…

(21) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_TV_camera

(22) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_landing_conspiracy_theories

CHAPTER 12: IllusionRealism, Philosophy of Perception and Visual Space?

(1) Wikipedia.

(2) ttp://plato.stanford.edu/entries/perception-episprob/ BonJour, Laurence (2007): “Epistemological Problems of Perception.”Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, accessed 1.9.2010.

(3) Ernst Mach in 1901, under the heading “On Physiological as Distinguished from Geometrical Space.” 

(4) Mach, E. (1906) Space and Geometry. Open Court Publishing: Chicago.

(5) http://web.mnstate.edu/peil/geometry/C2EuclidNonEuclid/7elliptic.htm

(6) Luneburg, R.K. (1947). Mathematical Analysis of Binocular Vision. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

(7) Chapter 3 Geometry and Spatial Vision. (2006) In M.R.M. Jenkin and L.R. Harris (Eds) Seeing Spatial Form. Oxford U. Press. pp 35-41.

(8) https://www.britannica.com/science/hyperbolic-geometry

(9) https://planetmath.org/parallellinesinhyperbolicgeometry

(10) https://study.com/academy/lesson/differences-between-euclidean-non-euclidean-geometry.htmlhttp://pi.math.cornell.edu/~mec/mircea.html

(11) Foley, J.M. (1964). Desarguesian property in visual space. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 54.

(12) Huemer, M “Sense Data.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

(13) Ayer, A.J., The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. New York: Macmillan, 1940.

(14) Austin, J. L. “Sense and Sensibilia,” Oxford: Clarendon. 1962.

(15) Putnam, Hilary The Threefold Cord: Mind, Body, and World. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

(16) http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/09/25/earths-water-is-older-than-the-sun/#.W-iqKx9OnqA

CHAPTER 13: The Sun and the Moon

(1) https://www.space.com/17081-how-far-is-earth-from-the-sun.html

(2) International Astronomical Union, ed. (31 August 2012), “RESOLUTION B2 on the re-definition of the astronomical unit of length”(PDF)RESOLUTION B2, Beijing, Kina: International Astronomical Union

(3) http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/distance.html

(4) Doc 1

(5) Doc 2

(6) Doc 3

(7) Doc 4

(7) Doc 5

(8) Doc 6

(9) http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/7-How-hot-is-the-Sun-

(10) http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/4-What-is-the-Sun-made-of-

(11) https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/themis/auroras/sun_earth_connect.html

(12) https://www.inverse.com/article/38783-neil-degrasse-tyson-flat-earth-conspiracy

(13) https://www.forbes.com/sites/kionasmith/2019/03/23/check-out-the-first-detailed-photo-of-the-moon/

(14) https://biography.yourdictionary.com/hippolyte-armand-louis-fizeau

(15) https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/moon-distance/en/

(16) https://www.space.com/18145-how-far-is-the-moon.html

(17) https://www.space.com/18135-how-big-is-the-moon.html

(18) https://www.space.com/24871-does-the-moon-rotate.html

(19) Wikipedia.

(20) Chapter 11 of ‘Earth is Not a Globe,’ Dr. Samuel Birley Rowbotham

(A) Lectures on Natural Philosophy,” p. 370. By Professor Partington.

Ibid; p 370.

(B). Professor Barlow, in “Encyclopædia Metropolitana,” p. 486.

(C). “Encyclopædia Londinensis,” vol. if., p. 402.

(D). “Million of Facts.” By Sir Richard Phillips. Page 358.

(E). Somerville’s “Physical Sciences,” p. 46.

(21) Zetetic Astronomy, by ‘Parallax’ (pseud. Samuel Birley Rowbotham), [1881].

(A) “Herschel’s Astronomy,” pp. 521 and 616.

(B). “Philosophical Magazine” for 1848, p. 80.

(C). “Encyclopedia Londinensis.” Art., “Fixed Stars.”

(22) https://www.uni-bonn.de/Press-releases/physicists-discove-a-new-kind-of-celestial-bodies

(23) https://www.iflscience.com/space/giant-invisible-structures-could-be-hiding-milky-way/

(24) Discoveries in the South Sea,” p. 39, by Captain James Burney.

(25). Description of the Heavens,” p. 354, by Alex. von Humboldt.

(26). Sir James South, of the Royal Observatory, Kensington, in a letter in the “Times” newspaper of April 7, 1848.

(27). Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society, for June 8, 1860.

(28). Ibid.

(29). Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society, December 9, 1859.

(30) https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1928521

(31) http://discovermagazine.com/2014/dec/2-ask-discover

(32) https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/03/12/why-neil-degrasse-tyson-failed-to-prove-earth-isnt-flat/?utm_term=.99c106658cc6&noredirect=on

(33) https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/columnist/cox/2014/02/02/maximum-altitude-airlines-concorde/5165635/

(34) https://www.space.com/33527-how-fast-is-earth-moving.html

(35) https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/nauticalmile_knot.html

(36) http://www.coastalnavigation.com/samples/sec_1/1_pages/1_2.htm

(37) http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Extras/Einstein_ether.html

(38) https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-technology/rockets.html

(39) https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/columnist/cox/2014/02/02/maximum-altitude-airlines-concorde/5165635/

CHAPTER 14: The Planets and the Stars

(1) https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/discovery/greeks.cfm

(2) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/planet

(3) “Words For Our Modern Age: Especially words derived from Latin and Greek sources”. Wordsources.info. Retrieved 2007-07-23

(4) “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Resolutions 5 and 6”(PDF). IAU. August 24, 2006.

(5) “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU Resolution votes”. International Astronomical Union (News Release – IAU0603). August 24, 2006. Retrieved June 15, 2008.

(6) McKee, Maggie (2006). “Xena reignites a planet-sized debate”New Scientist Space. Retrieved2006-05-25.

(7) Croswell Ken (2006). “The Tenth Planet’s First Anniversary”. Retrieved 2006-05-25.

(8) “Planet Definition”IAU. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-08-26. Retrieved 2006-08-14.

(9) “IAU General Assembly Newspaper”(PDF). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-03-03.

(10) The Final IAU Resolution on the Definition of “Planet” Ready for Voting”. IAU (News Release — IAU0602). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-03-02.

(11) Robert Roy Britt (2006). “Pluto demoted in highly controversial definition.” Space.com. Retrieved2006-08-24.

(12) “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Resolutions 5 and 6”(PDF). IAU. 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2009-06-23.

(13) “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU Resolution votes” (Press release). International Astronomical Union (News Release – IAU0603). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-12-31. (orig linkArchived 2007-01-03 at the Wayback Machine.)

(14) Robert Roy Britt (2006). “Pluto: Down But Maybe Not Out”Space.com. Retrieved 2006-08-24.

(15) Paul Rincon (2006-08-25). “Pluto vote ‘hijacked’ in revolt”BBC News. Retrieved 2007-02-28.

(16) Mark, Sykes (2006-09-08). “Astronomers Prepare to Fight Pluto Demotion”(RealPlayer). Retrieved 2006-10-04.

(17) Michael E. Brown (2006). “The Eight Planets”.Caltech. Retrieved 2007-02-21.

(18) Jean-Luc Margot (2015). “A Quantitative Criterion For Defining Planets”.The Astronomical Journal.150 (6): 185.arXiv:1507.06300.Bibcode:2015AJ….150..185M.doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/6/185

(19) Mike Brown. “The Dwarf Planets”. Retrieved 2007-08-04.

(20) Image credit: Margot (2015), via http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.06300

(21) https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/02/14/how-flat-can-a-planet-be/#3fe182e235fa

(22) https://www.space.com/39944-neil-degrasse-tyson-earth-is-round.html

(23) https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2017/11/13/how-do-we-prove-a-well-established-theory-like-gravity/#4a56c8ea4cd7

(24) Wikipedia

(25) Ibid. The following modern lists confirm even more theories concerning this “anomaly.”

(26) http://news.sciencemag.org/physics/2015/08/tiny-fountain-atoms-sparks-big-insights-dark-energy

(27) J Khoury and A. Weltman, Phys. Rev. D 69, 044026 (2004).

(28) http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Astronomical_unit#History

(29) http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Eratosthenes

(30) Liddell, Henry GeorgeScott, RobertA Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.

(31) Donald Engels (1985). The Length of Eratosthenes’ StadeAmerican Journal of Philology 106 (3): 298–311.doi:10.2307/295030(subscription required).

(32) J. L. Berggren, Alexander Jones (2000). Ptolemy’s Geography: An Annotated Translation of the Theoretical Chapters. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691010427.

(33) Edward Gulbekian (1987). The Origin and Value of the Stadion Unit used by Eratosthenes in the Third Century BCArchive for History of Exact Sciences 37(4): 359–363. doi:10.1007/BF00417008

(34) http://www.maa.org/publications/periodicals/convergence/eratosthenes-and-the-mystery-of-the-stades-how-long-is-a-stade

(35) http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Giovanni_Domenico_Cassini

(36) http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Mars_(planet)

(37) Ibid, Encyclopedia

(38) https://www.millersville.edu/physics/experiments/058/index.php

(39) Ibid, Encyclopedia

(40) Enoch Chapter 80. Verses 6-7.

(41) http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Book_of_Enoch

(42) http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/physics/56-our-solar-system/planets-and-dwarf-planets/general-questions/199-how-do-we-know-what-other-planets-and-stars-galaxies-etc-are-made-of-intermediate

(43) http://periodictable.com/Properties/A/Color.html

(44) https://www.thoughtco.com/color-on-the-periodic-table-608827

(45) http://astro-canada.ca/les_spectrometres-spectrometers-eng

(46) http://bwtek.com/spectrometer-introduction/

(47) http://astro-canada.ca/les_spectrometres-spectrometers-eng

(48) http://mars.nasa.gov/mer/spotlight/spirit/a12_20040128.html

(49) https://www.space.com/18090-alpha-centauri-nearest-star-system.html

(50) https://earthsky.org/space/alpha-centauri-travel-time

(51) https://www.quora.com/Who-invented-the-light-year

(52) https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/questions/question19.html

(53) https://study.com/academy/lesson/astronomical-units-light-years-definition-examples.html

(54) https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/light-year.htm

(55) Measuring the Universe: The IAU and Astronomical Unit

(56) http://www.iau.org/public/themes/measuring/

(57) Zeilik, Michael A.; Gregory, Stephan A. (1998).Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics (4th ed.). Saunders College Publishing.

(58) https://www.livescience.com/29111-speed-of-light-not-constant.html

(59) https://www.sciencenews.org/article/speed-light-not-so-constant-after-all

(60) Diesterweg, Adolph Wilhelm (1855).Populäre Himmelskunde u. astronomische Geographie. p. 250.

(61) The Student and Intellectual Observer of Science, Literature and Art. Retrieved1 November 2014.

(62) Stellar movements and the structure of the universe”. Retrieved 1 November 2014.

(63). Wiki.

(64). https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/yes-there-is-a-rat-on-mars

(65). https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/21455-mars-rat-curiosity-rover-drive.html?amp_js_v=a6&_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D&jwsource=cl

CHAPTER 15: The Antartica, Flight Paths and Circumnavigations

(1) https://antarctica21.com/air-cruises-2019-20/2019-20-season/classic-antarctica-air-cruise/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIifz_3Ja03wIVhVuGCh1Tdwa2EAAYASAAEgJeYPD_BwE

(2) https://aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/33938/do-any-flights-go-over-the-south-pole

(3) http://royalaviationmuseum.com/first-flight-over-antarctica/

(4) “Dundee Island”Geographic Names Information SystemUnited States Geological Survey.

(5) https://earthsky.org/human-world/this-date-in-science-shackleton-expedition-discovered-magnetic-south-pole

(6) Serway, Raymond A.; Chris Vuille (2006). Essentials of college physics. USA: Cengage Learning. p. 493.ISBN0-495-10619-4. Retrieved 2012-04-19.

(7) Russell, Randy. “Earth’s Magnetic Poles”. Windows to the Universe. National Earth Science Teachers Association. Retrieved 2012-04-19.

(8) https://gisgeography.com/magnetic-north-vs-geographic-true-pole/

(9) https://www.quora.com/Where-is-the-Earths-magnetic-North-Pole-right-now

(10) http://www.physics.org/article-questions.asp?id=65

(11) http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/magnetic/elemag.html

(12) https://wonders.physics.wisc.edu/jumping-ring/

(13) https://www.supermagnete.de/eng/ring-magnets-neodymium

(14) https://cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov/search/concepts/C1214558247-NOAA_NCEI

(15) https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/EMM/emm_acknowledge.shtml

(16) https://www.swoop-antarctica.com/

(17) https://www.swoop-antarctica.com/travel/getting-there#cruise-or-fly

(18) https://www.distance.to/San-Diego/Sydney

(19) Wikipedia

(20) https://www.distance.to/Texas,USA/Abu-Dhabi,ARE

(21) https://www.flightcentre.com.au/travel-news/destinations/top-ten-stopover-options-to-double-your-holiday

(22) https://www.distance.to/Sidney-Rd,York,Western-Australia,6302,AUS/Santiago,DOM/-39.02034233065672,124.01120424270631

(23) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenn_Borek_Air

(24) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Havilland_Canada_DHC-6_Twin_Otter

(25) https://www.quora.com/Why-don%E2%80%99t-planes-fly-across-the-Southern-Hemisphere-across-the-South-Pole

(26) Google Dictionary

(27) archive.org

(28) Short, 2010, pp. 203–04.

(29) http://www.captcook-ne.co.uk/ccne/timeline/voyage1.htm

(30) Wikipedia

(31) Ibid

(32) John Noble Wilford: The Mapmakers, the Story of the Great Pioneers in Cartography from Antiquity to Space Age, p. 139, Vintage Books, Random House 1982, ISBN 0-394-75303-8

(33) Ambrosius Aurelius Theodosius Macrobius, Zonenkarte. Retrieved 7 July 2014.

(34) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_voyage_of_James_Cook

(35) “Obliquity of the Ecliptic (Eps Mean)”. Neoprogrammics.com. Retrieved 2014-05-13.

(36) Berger, A.L. (1976). “Obliquity and Precession for the Last 5000000 Years”.Astronomy and Astrophysics.

(37) http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/58423.html

(38) Nuttall, Mark (2004). Encyclopedia of the Arctic Volumes 1, 2 and 3. Routledge. p. 115.ISBN 978-1579584368. Retrieved 26 July2016.

(39) William M. Marsh; Martin M. Kaufman (2012).Physical Geography: Great Systems and Global Environments. Cambridge University Press. p. 24.ISBN978-0-521-76428-5.

(40) Rowlett, Russ (September 1, 2004). “S”,How Many? A Dictionary of Units of MeasurementUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved February 22, 2012.

(41) Davies, Charles (1872). Mathematical dictionary and cyclopedia of mathematical science. Original from Harvard University: A.S. Barnes and co. p. 582.

(42) https://www.thefreedictionary.com/statute+mile

(43) British Antarctic Survey. “Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica” (PDF)The Cryosphere journal: 390. Retrieved 6 January2014.

(44) https://www.space.com/17638-how-big-is-earth.html

(45) http://www.south-pole.com/p0000071.htm

(46) Hough 1994, p. 239

(47) how dramatically Arctic ice cover has changed”

(48) https://www.livescience.com/57037-james-cook-voyage-tracks-arctic-climate-change.html

(49) https://www.encyclopedia.com/places/oceans-continents-and-polar-regions/arctic-physical-geography/northwest-passage

(50) https://geology.com/articles/northwest-passage.shtml

CHAPTER 16: The Antarctic Treaty

(1) https://www.state.gov/e/oes/rls/rpts/ant/

(2) Ibid

(3) https://www.ats.aq/devAS/ats_parties.aspx?lang=e

(4) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Specially_Protected_Area

(5) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Protected_Area

(6) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Specially_Managed_Area

(7) https://www.rmagreen.com/rma-blog/bid/89507/how-much-does-a-phase-i-environmental-site-assessment-cost

(8) https://www.ebiz.go.ug/service/environment-impact-assessment/

CHAPTER 17: Northern/Southern Constellations and Space; the Final Frontier

(1) “Earth Not a Globe,” Samuel Birley Rowbotham

(2) “Space – Physics and Metaphysics”. Encyclopedia Britannica.

(3) https://m.esa.int/About_Us/Welcome_to_ESA/ESA_history/Edwin_Hubble_The_man_who_discovered_the_Cosmos

(4) Layers of the Atmosphere, National Weather Service JetStream – Online School for Weather

(5) Dr. S. Sanz Fernández de Córdoba (2004-06-24).“The 100 km Boundary for Astronautics”.Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Archived from the originalon 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2014-05-07.

(6) Stuart Wortley 1841, p. 410.

(7) Von Humboldt 1845, p. 39.

(8) Harper, Douglas, “Outer”Online Etymology Dictionaryarchived from the original on 2010-03-12, retrieved 2008-03-24.

(9) Harper, Douglas (November 2001), SpaceThe Online Etymology Dictionary, archivedfrom the original on 2009-02-24, retrieved 2009-06-19.

(10) https://www.astro.ufl.edu/~guzman/ast1002/class_notes/Ch17/Ch17.html

(11) https://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/april-2015/our-flat-universe

(12) MAP

(13) https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/questions/question35.html

(14) https://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html

(15) https://www.space.com/34928-the-universe-is-flat-now-what.html

(16) https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/degrees-of-freedom/httpblogsscientificamericancomdegrees-of-freedom20110725what-do-you-mean-the-universe-is-flat-part-i/

(17) Mosher, David (2010-10-28). “World’s Most Precise Clocks Could Reveal Universe Is a Hologram”Wired.

(18) “The Fermilab Holometer”Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Retrieved2010-11-01.

(19) Salles, Andre (2015-12-03). “Holometer rules out first theory of space-time correlations”. Fermilab. Retrieved11 December 2015.

(20) https://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/holometer-rules-out-first-theory-of-space-time-correlations

(21) https://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/earth20110816.html

(22) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674984715000518

(23) http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-universe-not-expanding-01940.html

(24) https://www.sciencealert.com/no-the-universe-is-not-expanding-at-an-accelerated-rate-say-physicists

(25) https://m.phys.org/news/2018-08-universe-expansion-dispute-physics.html

(26) https://www.nature.com/news/cosmologist-claims-universe-may-not-be-expanding-1.13379

(27) http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/09/universe-is-most-likely-not-expanding.html?m=1

(28) https://www.nasa.gov/centers/johnson/news/contracts/index.html

(29) http://anadarko-industries.com/

(30) https://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/researchpark/partners/industry/wyle.html

(31) https://www.mricompany.com/

(32) http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42391

(33) US SEC: Form 10-K Lockheed Martin Corporation”. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved January 11, 2018.

(34) Elbagir, Nima, Salma Abdelaziz, Ryan Browne, Barbara Arvanitidis and Laura Smith-Spark (August 14, 2018). “Bomb that killed 40 children in Yemen was supplied by US”CNN. RetrievedAugust 24, 2018.

(35) “Lockheed Martin’s #WorldPhotoDay Tweet Backfires”HuffPost. August 18, 2018.

(36) https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/index.html

(37) UNITED SPACE ALLIANCE AWARDED IMOC CONTRACT” (PDF) (Press release). United Space Alliance. 2008-11-01. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2008-11-03.

(38) https://www.bloomberg.com/profiles/companies/6682476Z:US-al-razaq-computing-services

(39) https://www.tecolote.com/

(40) http://www.tti-corp.com/JSC-Logistics/JSC_Logistics.php

(41) https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1266961

(42) https://www.pae.com/news/pae-news/centralized-and-efficient-management-two-nasa-facilities

(43) Kenneth Chang (September 27, 2016).“Elon Musk’s Plan: Get Humans to Mars, and Beyond”. New York Times. RetrievedSeptember 27, 2016.

(44) “Making Life Multi-planetary – RELAYTO/”.RELAYTO/. 2018. Retrieved2018-04-04.

(45) http://www.businessinsider.com/elon-musks-started-spacex-because-he-wanted-to-put-life-on-another-planet-2013-3

(46) https://www.ncms.org/ammp/

(47) https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/leidos-awarded-prime-cargo-mission-contract-from-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-300540139.html

(48) Science Applications International Corporation.“Fiscal Year 2013 annual report on Form 10-K”(PDF). Retrieved August 9,2013.

(49) http://www.jacobs.com/government-contracts

(50) https://www.space.com/19528-lockheed-martin.html

CHAPTER 18: Euler’s Equation

(1). Dunham 1997. p. 17

(2). Saint Petersburg (1739). “Tentamen novae theoriae musicae ex certissimis harmoniae principiis dilucide expositae”

(3). Wanner, Gerhard; Hairer, Ernst (2005). Analysis by its history (1st ed.). Springer. p. 63.

(4). Dunham 1999. Ch. 3, Ch. 4

(5). Dunham 1999. Ch. 1, Ch. 4

(6). Caldwell, Chris. The largest known prime by year

(7). Home, R.W. (1988). “Leonhard Euler’s ‘Anti-Newtonian’ Theory of Light”. Annals of Science45 (5): 521–33.

(8). Ibid.

(9). https://www.livescience.com/51399-eulers-identity.html

(10). Wells, David (1990). “Are these the most beautiful?”. Mathematical Intelligencer12 (3): 37–41. Wells, David (1988). “Which is the most beautiful?” Mathematical Intelligencer10 (4): 30–31.

(11). Nahin, 2006, p. 1

(12). Nahin, 2006, p. xxxii.

(13). Dunham 1999, p. xiii “Lisez Euler, lisez Euler, c’est notre maître à tous.”

(14). Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 1.

(15). https://www.storyofmathematics.com/coplanar

(16). https://study.com/academy/lesson/coplanar-lines-in-geometry-definition-lesson-quiz.html#:~:text=Coplanar%20means%20that%20the%20lines,flat%20surfaces%20on%20different%20planes.

(17). Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 2.

(18). Google Dictionary

(19). https://www.merriam webster.com/dictionary/discretization

(20). Ross, Isaac (2015). A primer on Pontryagin’s principle in optimal control. San Francisco: Collegiate Publishers.

(21). Boltyanski, V.; Martini, H.; Soltan, V. (1998). “The Maximum Principle – How It Came to Be?” Geometric Methods and Optimization Problems. New York: Springer. pp. 204–227.

(22). Gamkrelidze, R. V. (1999). “Discovery of the Maximum Principle”. Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems5 (4): 437-451. Reprinted in Bolibruch, A, A,; et al., eds.(2006). Mathematical Events of the Twentieth Century. Berlin: Springer. pp. 85–99. 

(23). For first published works, see references in Fuller, A. T. (1963). “Bibliography of Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle”. J. Electronics & Control15 (5): 513–517. 

(24). McShane, E. J. (1989). “The Calculus of Variations from the Beginning Through Optimal Control Theory”. SIAM J. Control Optim27 (5): 916–939.

(25). Yong, J.; Zhou, X. Y. (1999). “Maximum Principle and Stochastic Hamiltonian Systems.” Stochastic Controls: Hamiltonian System and HJB Equations. New York: Springer. pp. 101–156.

(26). Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 3.

(27). https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cartesian_coordinate_system

(28). Ross, I. M. (2009). A Primer on Pontryagin’s Principle in Optimal Control. Collegiate Publishers.

(29). Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 3.

(30). Ibid. Page 4.

(31). Ibid. Page 7.

(32). Ibid. Page 8.

(33). Ibid. Page 10.lm

(34). Ibid. Pages 25-26

(35). https://www.mathworks.com/help/aeroblks/6dofeulerangles.html

(36). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339471661_On_Incompressible_Vibrations_of_the_Stratified_Atmosphere_on_the_Flat_Earth

(37). https://scied.ucar.edu/carbon-dioxide-absorbs-and-re-emits-infrared-radiation#:~:text=Molecules%20of%20carbon%20dioxide%20(CO,CO2%20molecule%20to%20vibrate.

(38). http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/globalwarmA5.html https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2017/11/13/where-is-all-that-carbon-dioxide-is-going/

(39). https://education.seattlepi.com/gases-found-outer-space-5888.html

(40). https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/02/040206084932.htm#:~:text=The%20first%20energy%2Drich%20pulse%20causes%20the%20molecules%20to%20vibrate.&text=A%20water%20molecule%20that%20is,still%20vibrating%20can%20be%20determined.

(41). https://sciencing.com/water-affect-sound-8510076.html#:~:text=The%20production%20of%20sound%20is,human%20ear%20to%20hear%20it.

(42). https://salfordacoustics.co.uk/how-to-breaking-glass-with-sound#:~:text=A%20glass%20has%20a%20natural,large%20that%20the%20glass%20breaks.

(43). https://www-livescience-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.livescience.com/amp/58498-why-is-hydrogen-the-most-common-element.html?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16128128667653&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.livescience.com%2F58498-why-is-hydrogen-the-most-common-element.html

(44). https://fusenet.eu/what-plasma#:~:text=Hydrogen%20gas%20consisting%20of%20electrons,of%20separate%20protons%20and%20electrons.&text=And%20when%20particles%20from%20the,can%20also%20form%20a%20plasma.

(45). Ibid.

CHAPTERS 19 to 67: Debunking the Debunkers