Written by Thomas Perez. February 10, 2019 at 1:41AM. Copyright 2019.
I’m sure you are all familiar with the so-called documentary show called ‘Ancient Aliens.’ Ancient Aliens is an American television series that premiered on April 20, 2010, on the History channel. It is in its 13th season as of the writing of this article. In this series I will not only focus on Biblical topics like Ezekiel’s wheels and the Nephilim, etc; but I will also cover other areas of interest as well. The reason why I do this is due to the ludicrous claims made, not against, but in reference to the Bible and other anthropological texts, sites and structures because of their so-called connections with ancient alien astronauts.
Proponents of ancient alien astronauts, like those seen on the history channel, get their information from Zecharia Sitchin and Eric Von Daniken. Zecharia Sitchin (1920-2010) was an author of books proposing an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributed the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he stated was a race of extraterrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. However, when we look into the claims made by Sitchin and other proponents of the alien astronaut suppositions, we will discover it to be based upon outlandish ancient hieroglyphic interpretations, a misunderstanding of Sumerian texts and a complete ignorance of history concerning specific ancient civilizations and practices. Erich Anton Paul von Däniken is another proponant. Von Daniken is a Swiss author of several books which make claims about extraterrestrial influences on early human culture, including the best-selling ‘Chariots of the Gods?’ – published in 1968.
Supporters of the theory also include the likes of Giorgio A. Tsoukalos – a Swiss television personality and producer. He is a proponent of the idea that ancient alien astronauts interacted with ancient humans. He is most famous for his appearances on the television series Ancient Aliens. We also have Graham Bruce Hancock – a British writer and journalist. Hancock specializes in pseudoscientific theories involving ancient civilisations, stone monuments or megaliths, altered states of consciousness, ancient myths, and astronomical or astrological data from the past.
And then we have David Wilcock, the New York Times bestselling author of ‘The Source Field Investigations,’ ‘The Synchronicity Key,’ and ‘The Ascension Mysteries.’ He is also a professional lecturer, filmmaker, and researcher of ancient civilizations, consciousness science, and new paradigms of matter and energy. Another individual is David Vaughan Icke, formerly a footballer and sports broadcaster. Icke is an English professional conspiracy theorist. He is the author of over 20 books and numerous DVDs, and has lectured in over 25 countries, speaking for up to 10 hours to audiences.
And finally we have Robert Bruce Clotworthy; an American actor and voice actor. Clotworthy is best known as the narrator for the History Channel series Ancient Aliens and his role as the voice of Jim Raynor in the StarCraft video game series. He has worked in over 100 feature films, television programs, and video games. There are other individuals whose works lead up to all this “ancient alien” talk, but I digress for now.
Proponants of the “alien idea” often point to specific artifact, ancient stone discoveries and even medieval art that seem to indicate ancient alien astronauts. But this is far from the truth. These claims are distinct and can be divided into 3 categories. The categories include; Megalithic Sites, Ancient Artifacts and Ancient Text Issues. In this series I will discuss the 3 categories and their sub-topics. Part 1A and 1B will cover Megalithic Sites. Part 2A and 2B will cover Ancient Artifacts. And Part 3A and 3B will cover Ancient Texts Issues. I have chosen to divide the parts into A and B because it would of been too lengthy to be presented in typical Part 1 and 2 formats. So, without further ado, let us begin.
1. The Pyramids
There are all kinds of theories on how the pyramids were built, including ET’s. But the reality of the situation, and the less fantastic, is what is found about the structures themselves. Many claim that during the construction of the pyramids, they were often levitated by ancient aliens, from point A to point B, and so forth. Moreover, they also claim pyramid alien technology. This is a blatant exaggeration. What we know about the pyramids, as to its construction, can be found in an unfinished obelisk. From this unfinished obelisk we learn a great many things.
The pyramids, including the Great Pyramid of Giza, were built by slave labor and skilled workers who camped near the pyramids and worked for a salary, or was sent there as a form of tax punishment (levy). Workers cemeteries were discovered in 1990 by archaeologists Zahi Hawass and Mark Leaner. For the Middle Kingdom, and it’s pyramid of Amenemhat II, there is evidence from the annal stone of the king that foreigners from Canaan were used.
Moussa, Ahmed M (1991). Altenmuller, Hartwig, ed. “Die Inschrift Amenemhets II. aus dem Ptah-Tempel von Memphis. Vorbericht” [The inscription of Amenemhet II. From the temple of Ptah of Memphis]. Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur (in German). 18:36.
Stone cutting methods were used in shaping granite and other stones. Workers would line-up side by side and pound their sections with a diorite pounding stone. This method is found all over the query. Sections of it (granite) would appear at each workers station in throth like sections.
NOVA – Peter Tyson. “The Unfinished Obelisk.” The Unfinished Obelisk, March 16, 1999. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/egypt/dispatches/990316.html
Constructing the pyramids involved moving huge quantities of stone. Papyri discovered at the Egyptian desert near the Red Sea, in 2013 by archaeologist Pierre Tallet, revealed the journal of Merer, an official of Egypt involved in transporting limestone along the Nile River. These papyri reveal processes in the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, the tomb of the Pharaoh Khufu, just outside modern Cairo.
Rather than overland transport of the limestone used in building the pyramid, there is evidence that limestone blocks were transported along the Nile River. In the journal of Merer, preserved remnants of ancient canals, and transport boats were discovered.
It is possible that quarried blocks were then transported to the construction site by wooden sleds, with sand in front of the sled wetted to reduce friction. Droplets of water created bridges between the grains of sand, helping them stick together.
Stille, Alexander. “The World’s Oldest Papyrus and What It Can Tell Us About the Great Pyramids”. Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
Holloway, April. “Archaeologists Announce that New Discoveries Solve Mystery of How the Great Pyramid Was Built”. Ancient Origins. Retrieved 26 June2018.
“Solved! How Ancient Egyptians Moved Massive Pyramid Stones”. Live Science. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
In reference to moving huge stones, there were no alien technological levitations, but good “ole” man power. The Twelfth Dynasty tomb of Djehutihotep has an illustration of 172 men pulling an alabaster statue of him on a sledge. The statue is estimated to weigh 60 tons and Denys Stocks estimated that 45 workers would be required to start moving a 16,300 kg (35,900 lb; 16.3 t) lubricated block, or eight workers to move a 2,750 kg (6,060 lb; 2.75 t) block.
Dr R H G Parry has suggested a method for rolling the stones, using a cradle-like machine that had been excavated in various new kingdom temples. Four of those objects could be fitted around a block so it could be rolled easily. Experiments were conducted using this technique on 2.5 ton stones, pulled by 18 men. Many Egyptologists agree to this method of moving 2.5 – to even 15 ton blocks, but are in disagreement when it comes to stone blocks weighing 70-80 tons.
Stocks, Denys A. Experiments in Egyptian Archaeology Routledge 2003 pp.196-197.
Parry, Dick “Engineering the Pyramids” The History Press 2013.
And although we have a workable technique in which the Egyptians used to move blocks from point A to point B, some claim we are unsure how the blocks were moved up to its superstructure. They cite; there is no known accurate historical or archaeological evidence that definitively resolves the question. This is not true. There were many ways to get blocks higher and higher as the structure was built. This was done by different kinds of ramps that ascended up. See pictures below…
However, “this is problematic because some of the ledges only had about two feet or less to work with, certainly not enough to hold and carry workers and stones the size of the ones used.” But in my opinion, I believe the method was used, but only up to a certain level; just not as illustrated in the picture above, as we will find out below.
“Also a structure like the pyramid would have had to have been constantly monitored for geometric accuracy as it progressed upwards because being even a few inches off on a lower level could cause the top to be off by a huge amount. And a spiral ramp would have made it impossible to survey the geometric accuracy of the pyramid as it progressed.”
Bob Brier, Jean-pierre Houdin. The Secret of the Great Pyramid: How One Man’s Obsession Led to the Solution of Ancient Egypt’s Greatest Mystery. Smithsonian, 2008.
However, in reference to lifting blocks to the top, the Jean-Pierre Houdin’s theory actually holds water. It is by far the most reasonable and logical explanation for moving 70-80 ton blocks as opposed to aliens helping Egyptians through levitation technologies. It is so because the evidence is there. For more information on this, look up Grand Gallery and also see the link below.
Jean-Pierre Houdin’s Theory 2011 update (video) http://vimeo.com/26769564 – See more at: https://web.archive.org/web/20150502102647/http://ancientaliensdebunked.com:80/references-and-transcripts/the-pyramids/#_ednref20
In reference to materials used, workmen probably used copper chisels, drills and saws to cut softer stone; such as most of the limestone. The harder stones, such as granite, granodiorite, syenite and basalt, cannot be cut with copper tools alone; instead they were worked with time-consuming methods like pounding with dolerite, drilling and sawing with the aid of an abrasive, such as quartz sand. According to the experts, “ancient alien power tipped diamond tools” used to allegedly cut stone is the stuff of sensationalism and pure fantasy.
Isler, Martin Sticks, stones, and shadows: building the Egyptian pyramids University of Oklahoma Press 2001 p.229
Stocks, Denys A. Experiments in Egyptian archaeology: stoneworking technology in ancient Egypt Routledge July 2003
2. Easter Island
It is believed that Easter Island’s Polynesian inhabitants arrived on Easter Island sometime near 1200 AD. They created a rich thriving culture as evidenced in their stone monuments: the Moai and other artifacts.
“Archaeologists have documented 887 of the massive statues, known as moai, but there may up as many as 1,000 of them on the island (see Rather Weighty Easter Island Sculpture Travels 200 Miles To Be Star of Manchester Museum Exhibition). Most were carved from volcanic rock between 1100AD and 1680AD.”
According Ancient Aliens; “How in the heck did they make these; where did they come from and how did they move them? Nobody has the answer.”
Answer: “The Statues and Rock Art of Rapa Nui. Using basalt stone picks, the Easter Island Moai were carved from the solidified volcanic ash of Rano Raraku volcano. They are all monolithic the carvings are created in one piece and an average weight of 20 tons and measuring 20 feet tall or more.” As far as moving them is concerned, They were moved there by sleds or rollers in which they got from trees.
But according to Ancient Aliens; “But there is a unique problem with the idea of moving Moai with sleds or rollers. When you go to Easter Island, you don’t get the impression they had enough wood to have rollers and, in fact, in the 1700s, the first four expeditions to Easter Island never really saw a tree. That’s the real mystery of Easter Island…how can you move a multi-ton statue if you have no trees for rollers?” Therefore it has to be, well…aliens. This is far from the truth. There were trees.
“However, land clearing for cultivation and the introduction of the Polynesian rat led to gradual deforestation.” “European diseases, Peruvian slave raiding expeditions in the 1860s, and emigration to other islands, e.g. Tahiti further depleted the population, reducing it to a low of 111 native inhabitants in 1877.”
Hunt, T. (2006). “Rethinking the Fall of Easter Island”. American Scientist. 94 (5): 412. doi:10.1511/2006.61.1002.
Corrections in radiocarbon dating suggests that the first settlers arrived from other Polynesia islands around 1200 A.D.
Peiser, B. (2005). “From Genocide to Ecocide: The Rape of Rapa Nui” (PDF).Energy & Environment. 16 (3&4): 513–539.CiteSeerX 10.1.1.611.1103.doi:10.1260/0958305054672385. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-10.
“The original subtropical moist broadleaf forests are now gone, but paleobotanical studies of fossil pollen, tree moulds left by lava flows, and root casts found in local soils indicate that the island was formerly forested, with a range of trees, shrubs, ferns, and grasses.” “In 2018, a New York Times article announced that Easter Island is eroding.” “The clearance of the palms to make the settlements led to their extinction almost 350 years ago.”
Mieth, A.; Bork, H. R. (2010). “Humans, climate or introduced rats – which is to blame for the woodland destruction on prehistoric Rapa Nui (Easter Island)?”. Journal of Archaeological Science. 37 (2): 417.doi:10.1016/j.jas.2009.10.006.
Casey, Nicholas (14 March 2018).“Easter Island Is Eroding”. The New York Times. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
In conclusion: All of this information severely punches huge holes into the ancient alien astronaut idea and the History Channel’s ‘Ancient Aliens’ television series.
To be continued in Part 1B: Megalithic Sites; The Incas, Baalbek and Pumapunku.